Spring is the time that many female squirrels will have their babies. The squirrels do not have romantic mating habits and they will not mate for life. A female will be receptive for only one day, and the scent attracts the males who are far as 500 meters. The males will be competing for a chance of mating with the female, and the dominant male can copulate with the female before others. Other males can also mate with her after he is finished. When the act has been completed, this male will depart and it will not have anything else to do with the female and it will not take care of its young.
The Gestation period may be from 35 days to 45 days, depending on the type of squirrel. The time is shorter for smaller species. The babies are put in the drey when they are born or in the cavity nest if it is found in a hollow tree. A litter can have two to three babies, but there are times that they can even be over eight. Each baby is one inch long and it weighs at least an ounce. A young squirrel is naked at birth, but it already has whiskers. It is deaf and blind.
The young will be cared for while in their nest by the mother up to the time they are completely independent. The weaning happens gradually from seven to ten weeks of their age. When the young leave the nest, they will continue to be with their mother for a few weeks as they continue to learn skills needed in adulthood.
All squirrels are mammals and the reproduction behaviors look the same; however, when it comes to gestation issues, mating and litter size, they may vary.
The fox squirrels breed year round and the males compete to be the one to mate before others. The gestation takes 45 days on average, and the mother may have two or three babies. One litter is born to a mother squirrel every year.
The flying squirrel is not that common, and not much information about its interaction and how it mates is known. However, the mating takes place every year and it is in the spring or late summer. The gestation will last around 40 days and the litter has two or three babies on average.
Red squirrels will have to mate faster since the females can only be fertile one day every season. A dominant male chases a female, and it will copulate with her many times to make sure that the breeding is successful. The conception can be around 35 days. The litter may have over 8 babies, but most of the time there are only four.
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